Hollis Liverpool

Hollis Liverpool

Since writing on the esteemed work of PhDs and the ladder to be climbed to attain same, in a roti shop in Diego Martin last week I was bombarded by a gentleman who wanted to know how long it would take him to reach the PhD award and whether The University of the West Indies advertises openings for people to get Master’s degrees, so that they can go on to complete the doctorate.

He was shocked to know that both The UWI and UTT offer Master’s programmes (MA) in several disciplines. Furthermore, he was astounded and stood with his mouth open when I informed him that the national university, UTT, is the only one in this whole, wide world that offers an accredited Master of Arts (MA) in Carnival studies.

While speaking to him it dawned on me that there must be hundreds of people like him ignorant of UTT’s postgraduate programmes, and hundreds more who would like to get the opportunity to become PhDs but are ignorant of the road.

Of course, I informed him that the road begins with a student having the seed of commitment to education to sow on soil watered by his or her parents and nurtured by primary school teachers with reading skills and values of honesty, godliness, and the will to be disciplined. As I spoke to my information-seeker, however, Mr Jack Warner’s image flashed across my mind, for Warner had informed me earlier this year that UTT was sitting on a gold mine regarding its programme on Carnival studies. Warner further felt the cost of a PhD in Trinidad and Tobago was too cheap. “Don’t advertise the cost,” Jack exclaimed, because “it so cheap Americans would flood this place”.

Any university graduate in the humanities, especially, now has the opportunity, after an interview, to join our class (we started this week) and avail himself or herself of the opportunity to complete a Master’s degree in Carnival studies. With this award, they can go on, hopefully, to study for a doctorate, mainly in the social sciences and the humanities.

I stress the humanities because applications to carry out doctoral studies in other disciplines at universities here or overseas demand different guidelines and qualifications for entry. In addition, some realms of learning further demand that students study certain secondary school subjects to gain entry to their disciplines. I recall, however, a medical doctor telling me that, aiming to become a medical doctor, he studied biology at St Mary’s College. At university in Ireland, he was amazed to find that several medical students in his class had studied only languages at secondary school.

Well, with Covid-19, we may not have Carnival in 2021, but we will surely have Carnival studies at UTT, whereby students will get the opportunity over the next two years to look more closely at Carnival’s origin and development, Caribbean history, academic writing, mas camps, panyards, calypso tents, the history of the steelband, the history of the calypso, Caribbean music, themes in calypso, methods of research, writing empirical research reports, ethnomusicology, the social sciences and their links to Carnival and, of course, the business of Carnival. Above all, students will have the pleasure of researching their interests whether such be policy making, institutions, masqueraders, calypsonians, steelbandsmen, musicians, Carnival events, bandleaders, promoters, environmentalists, dance, nutrition, sound, tourism, instruments, designs, finance, economics, sociology, festivals or any cultural area of life itself, for the width of Carnival crosses boundaries too numerous to mention.

The examiner for the programme, Prof Gary Garcia, keeps telling me when will someone research the life of Trinidadian Edmundo Ross who, many may not know, heard his first notes in music in the Dry River, in Port of Spain, behind the Bridge, as the several old pans and bottles juggled for space in the dirty water, shades of Lord Kitchener’s “Mystery Band”.

When will someone research the lives of Errol Ince, Art DeCoteau, Lord Kitchener, Ivan Williams, John Cupid, Cito Velasquez, George Bailey, Boogsie Sharpe, Edgar Whiley, Caniff Bomparte, Chinee Patrick, Tobago’s Tambrin, Hugh Borde, Othello Mollineau, Sterling Betancourt, Pete Simon, Roy Augustus, Keith Smith, Albert Gomes, Lance Heath, Rudy Piggott, Austin Nolte, Andrew Carr, Andrew Labastide, Glen Roach, Bruce Procope, Abyssinia in Tobago, Geraldo Viera, Black Stalin, MP Alladin, Isaiah Boodoo, Jit Samaroo, Bobby Mohammed, Spree Simon and Boscoe Holder—men who have contributed so much to Carnival in Trinidad and Tobago.

In the field of women, what of Lady Trinidad, Lady Iere, Pat Bishop and Merle Albino DeCoteau? The MA in Carnival studies can be the researched answer. I therefore exhort all undergrads to go online now and apply.

Just this week, Gil Figaro, the founder of Sunshine Awards in New York, was telling me the “erudite” Trinidadian priest, Dom Basil Matthews, explained to a university conference on economic planning initiated by Dr Eric Williams at Howard University in 1943, that unless students are bathed in the culture of their land, they are not educated. It is something that many educators today have not yet learned. I recall Profs Brinsley Samaroo and Ken Ramchand (PhDs both) preaching to the pioneers of UTT that engineers and natural science personnel need to be exposed to culture and cultural courses to make them culturally literate and thereby develop in a manner that is whole and not one-sided.

I would hope, then, that because our Carnival is so culturally linked with all our social and cultural lives in Trinidad and Tobago, the NCC, TUCO, Pan Trinbago, the NCBA, the T&TCBA, COTT, the National Chutney Foundation, the Secretary of the Tobago Assembly and the Ministers of Culture, Education, Planning, Youth Development and National Service, would all find it fitting to sponsor at least one of their employees to attend the Carnival course by way of a scholarship.


THE response by Director of Public Prosecutions (DPP) Roger Gaspard SC to the public chastising of his office by Chief Justice Ivor Archie is a model of sober and reasoned argument that the CJ would do well to emulate.

On October 17 each year the World Bank Group marks End Poverty Day. This year’s theme is “Surmounting Setbacks”, which recognises the significant challenges the world is currently facing and the need to overcome them.

IN September 2016, my opinion headlined “The levees are broken” was published in daily newspapers wherein I analysed the criminal caseload statistics published by the judiciary in its annual report for the 2014-2015 law term, to highlight the point that the criminal justice system was teetering on the brink of collapse.

American development economist, Jeffery Sachs is considered by many as the doyen of “the dismal science”, if not, then among the best international minds in the field. So, when Sachs speaks the rest of the social sciences, rather the academic, financial political worlds listens.