Ralph Maraj

political analysts Ralph Maraj 

AFTER the 2016 local government election, I noted the performance of the United National Congress (UNC).

“Here was a party banished by the electorate into the wilderness of opposition, struggling to find its way, a demoralised group after 2015, the Partnership shattered, the UNC threatened by disarray in the internal leadership elections that factionalised the party.

Like the People’s National Movement (PNM) after their crash in 2010, the UNC had to come back from almost ground zero.” And they did. I said the UNC had “emerged from darkness”, gave “kudos to Kamla” and asked, “is this another turning point in the politics of Trinidad and Tobago?”

The 2019 election results suggest the answer is yes. For, whilst on paper it seems an even outcome, with both major parties tied in terms of corporations won; and with the ruling PNM winning more seats and the UNC winning more votes, the EBC figures indicate gains for the UNC and decline for the PNM. The UNC won more seats than they did in 2016 moving from 54 to 65, a gain of 11; while the PNM declined by nine from 83 to 74. The UNC received more votes than in 2016, from 180,798 to 202,584, 54.3 per cent of the total; while the PNM got less, from 174,724 to 161,962 or 43.4 per cent.

The PNM had focussed on winning Sangre Grande and Siparia but the UNC won Sangre Grande convincingly with five of the eight seats; and not only retained Siparia but improved their majority from 5/4 to 6/3. And from no seats in San Fernando, they won three this time and, significantly for the coming general election, also won the majority vote. They also got complete control of the Princes Town Corporation, and increased their tally in Tunapuna/Piarco, Chaguanas and Rio Claro/Mayaro. An Express editorial says the UNC has won “the bragging rights”.

The campaign strategies of the parties were different. The PNM ran a massive campaign on the air waves. You couldn’t escape it. The UNC was hardly there until the last week and only spasmodically. But they were “on the ground”. And it worked, raising questions about the efficacy of pouring millions into election advertising in this small society.

The speeches of the political leader constituted another important UNC strategy. There was that address at a meeting in Sangre Grande with impressive plans for the modernisation of the area. But even more significantly, Kamla continued from the Budget debate when she presented a plan for the economic revitalisation of Trinidad and Tobago. She used the election platforms to elaborate on her plan and brought significant substance to the UNC campaign. She would do well to continue this trend especially since the floating vote will be listening before deciding which party and leader they want to manage the country for the next five years.

The PNM will undoubtedly engage in reassessment. They had aimed for a big win. But their campaign theme, “Getting it done”, did not resonate. Getting what done, people were asking. The economy is in decline with job losses and business closures, including the Petrotrin refinery, the most disastrous decision in our history that hurt 10,000 people directly and indirectly. Social decay is rampant, unprecedented murders under their watch, domestic violence, child abuse, student hooliganism, cultural degeneration, and increasing incivility and crassness; and headed by the judiciary and government departments, institutional dysfunctionality leaves citizens frustrated and cheated of their just due. Amidst this glaring underperformance, people felt insulted by the PNM’s attempts to brainwash them through massive advertising. People were offended by the millions being spent while thousands struggled in these hard times.

The PNM must rethink, though it is hard to see what they can do. Achievement is what you highlight after five years in office and after they would have spent $200 billion and taken the public debt to over $120 billion, what do they have to show for it? And they can’t come with promises of future performance. The population would ask, why didn’t you do it in the last five years?

They are in a bind. One thing they could do is change the tone and character of their administration. Led by the Prime Minister and the Finance Minister, and with a supporting cast of several front-liners, they are seen as abrasive, arrogant and condescending.

Even the mild-mannered Rohan Sinanan seems afflicted, saying disastrously that honest Indo-Trinidadians with ministerial potential are to be found mainly in the PNM. In the year ahead, PNM high priests, in and out of government, must leave the insensitivity and uncouthness behind and become gentler, refined and compassionate. At the very start, I told them empathetic leadership is what the nation needs in these trying times.

The voter turnout was low. Both parties should be concerned, particularly the PNM. They are in government. They had this massive advertising campaign with the Prime Minister in the lead role. Rowley was omnipresent in voice and image. But the electorate was not inspired. The PNM can’t be pleased.

For the UNC, the performance could bring greater will, optimism and momentum to the party. They have the opportunity to mount a very serious challenge and possibly win the general elections next year. This country has changed governments six times since 1986. It could be turning again.


Official recognition of the historical importance of the location where the Treasury Building now stands is long overdue. As the place that marks the spot where British Governor Sir George Fitzgerald Hill publicly read out the Proclamation of Emancipation on August 1, 1834, the site is of immeasurable significance to the history of Trinidad and Tobago.

WE celebrated Emancipation Day on August 1, but to my mind, we have not yet fully grasped the broader concept of freedom. In other words we have not, through our education system, formulated a critical pedagogy across our curricula; to foster a knowledge of self, to move beyond who we are, to transform the what- and how, to break with debilitating norms and to name our world. Inherent in all of this is the development of critical thinking skills in the learner and the learning culture.

IN the early 1970s, the Mighty Composer (Fred Mitchell) composed and sang a calypso entitled “Black Fallacy” in which he showed that many persons today and “from since in the Beginning” continue to use the word “black with a degrading twist,” to denote racism, prejudice and bigotry in their dealings with Africans and African descendants.

AS a civic-minded citizen, one piece of legislation I would like to see passed in the Parliament is one that regulates the conduct of political parties and their supporters during an election.

The insistence of the ruling party to hold the general election on August 10 in the midst of a new or second phase of the Covid-19 pandemic leaves many raised eyebrows and even more questions. Since many restrictions or “protocols” have been put in place to prevent the spread of the virus or “flatten the curve” of infections, two pertinent issues must be questioned here

I remember my deceased uncle telling me that, in the early 1960s, it was the people and religious leaders who went to Dr Eric Williams to persuade him to put the name of God into our Constitution.